We need a ruthlessly honest debate over the use of slavery in the Religious run Institutions in Ireland, not just in the context of last few centuries, but more recently in Irish history. Slavery was widely practiced and accepted in all the Religious run Institutions in Ireland. Forced Slavery was in use in all The Magdalene Laundries, Industrial Schools, and Orphanages of Ireland. The babies and children of these slaves were often stolen and sold into bondage into other countries far from their homes. Irish slaves and bondage became the economic engine of the Catholic Church in Ireland. Slavery and Trafficking of children were so profitable, for the Catholic Church in Ireland, that it allowed the Church to thrive on its ill gotten gains. With cash crops of Slaves, andTrafficking of stolen babies and children, the Catholic Church in Ireland became the economic engine of the burgeoning Irish State.The Slavery and Trafficking business was a tax free business running into hundreds of millions of dollars. Slavery was so profitable at the time that it allowed the Church to expand both its land holdings and its wealth growth, ex financially.
The Irish slave economy had been very good to the Catholic Church’s prosperity, enslaving women and children became a commercial necessity. Slaves represented the church’s most significant investment and the bulk of their great wealth. The Magdalene Laundries, Industrial Schools, and Orphanages of Ireland, required slave labour to operate their systems. The Magdalene Laundries of Ireland were driven largely by indentured servitude. Most of its human chattel were poor, unmarried mothers taken from both their homes and communities. In exchange for their work, in The Magdalene Laundries, the women and girls received food and shelter, a rudimentary education and sometimes a trade. Slavery was widely acceptable in all Irish Religious Institutions that had become a morally, legally and socially acceptable institution within Ireland.
As more and more unmarried women were used as slaves in The Magdalene Laundries, Industrial Schools, and Orphanages of Ireland, a new industry was born;- The illegal Trafficking of babies and children, these babies and children were inspected and treated like prized animals to be bought and sold to the highest bidder. Adoptive American or English Parents proved an increasingly lucrative enterprise for the enterprising Catholic Church in Ireland. These able-bodied Babies and Children fetched a Premium price in North America. Some adoptees were willing to pay a higher premium price, for what they perceived to be special features, like a red-headed boy or girl, with green eyes or a blond-headed boy or girl with blue eyes. An average price ranged between $2,200-$3,500, plus a monthly service fee of $65 or more. Both the slave labour of women and trafficking of babies and children became so entrenched within the Catholic Church in Ireland that nothing at the time would dislodge it, not even the belief that all men were created equal. Both slavery of women and trafficking of babies and children were the Church’s most profitable business.
Steadily, a near-feudal society emerged in Ireland, at the top was the aristocratic landowning/property elite, known as the Clergy who wielded much of the economic and political power in Ireland. Their Magdalene Laundries, Industrial Schools, and Orphanages of Ireland spanned across the country, controlling the lives of tens of thousands of women slaves and their children. A distorted culture of gentility and high-minded codes of righteous honour emerged within both Irish society and the Irish Church. Slavery and Trafficking had become essential to the continued growth of the powerful Irish Catholic Church’s economy. We need a “brutally honest” reckoning on the Irish Catholic Church’s legacy of forced slavery, forced adoptions, the manner of death in their Institutions, their disposals and the trafficking of both babies and children.
Hundreds of thousands of Irish people were enslaved in these unforgivable Religious run Institutions in Ireland. Though it is impossible to give accurate figures, because the Irish Religious Orders that ran the Gulags of slavery, deliberately destroyed or altered their books, documents and identities of many of the women slaves and their trafficked babies and children. All the Religious run Institutions in Ireland like the Magdalene Laundries, Industrial Schools, and Orphanages depended on slave labour. They couldn’t operate them without the legion of enslaved women and children. The trafficking of both babies and children greatly enriched the Catholic Church in Ireland and that is a fact.
Slavery was passed of as the domestic trade, flourished, and is itself widespread and still used in all the Religious run Institutions of Ireland, not just Magdalene Laundries, Industrial Schools, and Orphanages, but all their Convents, Schools, Colleges, Universities, Hospitals, Nursing Homes, Parochial Houses and Palaces. Peculiar institution of slavery remained absolutely vital to the Catholic Church in Ireland and is still used to this very day. The cruelties of the Nuns in particular as slave owners was to make their women slaves completely dependent on them through a system of restrictive codes and institutionalisation.
Many elderly enslaved women still to this day live in Irish Convents, they were prohibited from learning to read and write, and their behaviour and movement were restricted by their captives, the Righteous Religious Orders. The enslaved women to this very day remain committed to the institutionalisation of their shattered lives, encouraged by the Nuns. The Catholic Church in Ireland has a history of long-term institutionalisation of women and children. I speak from experience, sadly my mother, Nora, died a brutal life and death as a slave, at the hand of her brutal tormentors, The Good Shepherd Nuns. I’m the son of a Slave. I never met her, but I felt she was always with me, I was raised as a slave for the first 18 years of my life, in a few of the savagely violent Religious run Gulags of Ireland, as have a few thousand more Survivors who can testify to Irish Slavery.
Both the Catholic Church in Ireland and the Irish Government need to acknowledge this vile trade of slavery and child trafficking that operated freely in all Religious run Institutions in Ireland. Their criminal part in it, and pay immediately Reparations for their joint part in the Slavery of defenceless women and their vulnerable children. This debate is long overdue, world events demand justice now for all Survivors of the Religious run Institutions in Ireland. Owen Felix O’Neill
The problem isn’t the barrel of bad apples, the roots, the trees themselves are diseased.
I must revisit Bessborough Mother and Baby Home, in Cork City, in the county of Cork, Ireland. The Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary who owned and ran Bessborough do not know where the babies and children are buried. The burial cesspools of well over 1,000 children who died in the care of Bessborough Mother and Baby Home is unknown, despite very extensive inquiries and searches.I have no doubt that Bessborough Mother and Baby Home has hundreds if not thousands of babies secretly dumped into their cesspools and septic tanks on the grounds of the ex Mother and Baby Home, in Cork City.
According to the strictly confidential documents I have seen, I now know that most of the 1,000 babies missing, and whose cesspool cannot be found, according to the Nuns and it really is very simple. First of all, sadly many babies died in Bessborough, like all the other Religious run Institutions in Ireland. In fact according to the official documents, in Bessborough over a 20 year period, from 1934 - 1954, of relatively reliable death and birth records that I have seen, there were 478 infant deaths registered. When compared against the underestimated number of live births, this equates to a higher death rate in the region of 25%. In other words, one quarter of all babies born in Bessborough in the middle of the 20th. Century died in their first 12 months of life.
Put it another way, the Infant Mortality Rate for Ireland (IMR) as a whole was 3.5 per 1,000 life births. In 1950 by comparison this was approximately 50 per 1,000 live births. The IMR is a staggering and sobering statistic which I suggest was used as a cover-up to account for the illegal trafficking of stolen babies out of Bessborough Mother and Baby Home. Anecdotal accounts confirm that hundreds of mothers who gave birth in Bessborough Mother and Baby Home, were told that their babies had died but yet the mothers were never allowed to see them or bury them. So plain and simple, The Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, Nuns, stole the new born babies from their mothers at birth, told the mothers that their babies died, moved the mothers to another Mother and Baby Home or Magdalene Laundry in another county of Ireland. When in fact the evil Nuns trafficked and exported the new born babies into North America and elsewhere for profit, and the other crimes of the immoral Nuns was that the Nuns altered and falsified their handwritten documents, with the direct help of corrupt Irish Government Officials. I have seen these official documents, not only did the inept Nuns falsify the official documents, they then told their co-conspirators, the Irish Government that the stolen babies had died at birth, enabling the deceitful Nuns to collect more monies from the Irish Government to bury the so call dead babies, when in fact the trafficked babies were not dead but stolen by the disingenuous Nuns. It would appear that the morally corrupt Nuns collected monies at both ends.
Something else according to the original documents from, Bessborough Mother and Baby Home, was that the Death Register only lists deaths of babies and children up until January 1953, while Birth Registrations are listed up till August 1955, therefore it would appear that a total of 5.5 years of death registrations is not accounted for by the Nuns. The inference therefore is that the IMR of 25% may indeed be far higher. The findings are as follows—From entries in Bessborough’s Death and Registration of Birth Books-
December 1930-April 1936
April 1936- January 1942
January 1942- January 1947
January 1947- June 1951
June 1951-August 1955
1. According to the Registration of Birth Books- in Bessborough Mother and Baby Home 2,270 babies were born.
2. According to the Registration of Death Books- in Bessborough Mother and Baby Home. Between February 1934 and January 1953, the deaths of babies were recorded as 482.
Now this would correspondingly indicate an IMR of 21 % . However staggering these figures are, they do not reflect a complete picture of IMR as the Death Records only begin in 1934, whereas the Birth Register begins in December 1930, thereby missing 3 complete years.
So using the IMR in Bessborough Mother and Baby Home appears at least 212 deaths per 1,000 babies born-that is a fifth of all babies died before the end of their first year. This is the absolute minimum because over 5 years is missing from the Death Records …So 212 by 5 years equals 1,060 missing or dead. This is true and from the official records what we know of. It has implications far beyond our small universe, it is nothing but shocking. Put it another way, this is the equivalent to the IMR in Ireland in the 18th. Century. It is five times the IMR in the local community in the 1950s, which was 5% and 65 times the current IMR. The current IMR in Ireland is 3.8 per 1,000 live births.
Causes of baby death by the Nuns at Bessborough’s Mother and Baby Home are also a lie, because we now know that 1,060 babies didn’t die, but illegally sold into America. From the hand-written records, the causes of baby death according to the Nuns were;-
-Gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhoea and gastro, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.
-Congenital syphilis is a chronic infectious disease caused by a spirochete (treponema pallidum) acquired by the foetus in the uterus before birth.
-Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. Bacteria, viruses, and fungi cause it.
-Bronchitis is an infection of the main airways of the lungs (bronchi), which causes them to become inflamed.
There are no medical records from Bessborough’s Mother and Baby Home to substantiate the veracity of these findings, in fact one child’s record cites “Prematurity” as the cause of her death, that’s impossible because the so called child was recorded as been 3 years of age at her last birthday.
-Prematurity is a term for the broad category of neonates born at less than 37 weeks' gestation
And more, I have seen Letters from Irish Bishops who wrote to the Nuns - requesting that babies be made available to sell-as they, the Bishops needed money. We know from other official records that the Nuns stole the babies to satisfy the Irish Bishops need for monies. There are also documents that some of the children died in transit and secretly buried, also that some of the babies stolen and sold were children from the age of 3 years old to 10 years of age.
More shocking is that a few official documents say that Irish babies and children were illegally trafficked by the Nuns, themselves with the support of the Irish Bishops on a HP basis- Hire Lease was an agreement whereby a person lease a child for a period of time by paying instalments, and can own the child at the end of the agreement. This is extraordinary to see on office documents, as is the use of the words-Trafficking, Forced Adoption, Hire Purchase, and Commodities.
In other words, the family in American or elsewhere that wanted an Irish Baby paid the Nuns $1,500 or $2,000 up front in the 1950s, remember at that time this was a huge sum of money, before the new parents took possession of the child, and they the new parents, would agree on a Hire Purchase form or contract to pay additionally $65 or more on monthly instalments, till the child reached the age of 18. A document I have seen also says that the Nuns spoke and wrote about the stolen babies as “Commodities” Another document also says that the mothers in the Mother and Baby Homes never gave their consent in spite of the fact that the Irish Catholic Church claims otherwise, the Nuns at the Mother and Baby Homes couldn’t produce a single document to support that the women gave their consent for their babies to be stolen. The trafficking of Irish Babies was a huge profitable business for the Irish Catholic Church, worth at the time at over 100 million Irish Pounds. Again another official document goes on to say, that outside private Doctors, Matrons, Welfare Officers and Irish Government Officials, all conspired and received illegal cash payment for their criminal parts in this vast criminal conspiracy, the Trafficking of stolen Irish Babies sold around the world.
The criminal Nuns further criminal acts, it is reported during the period in question that, once a mother and child had been discharged from Bessborough’s Mother and Baby Home, two dates were routinely recorded. The first date of discharge listed is the date when the woman was geographically discharged from Bessborough, while the second date appears to function for administrative purposes, denoting when the woman was discharged from the institution’s books. These dates are separated in some instances by years. In addition, mothers and babies were often kept long after their babies were born, and after they were otherwise medically fit for discharge.
It appears from the official documents that monies were paid both by the natural mothers for the care of their babies, and by their adoptive parents. The latter were requested to pay sums of money for the time, in the region of £50-£60, and this was payable by monthly premium.
More than 120,000 babies and children were stolen, sold and treated as Commodities from their mothers in all the Mother and Baby Homes in Ireland, since the foundation of the State. Of these, 40,000 were adopted after the introduction of legal adoption in 1952, and a further number were illegally registered as if born to their adoptive parents (known as "de facto" adoptions). Most unmarried pregnant girls were consigned to religious-run, State-funded Mother and Baby Homes in Ireland. The official documents say that the babies and children were stolen and the mothers told that their babies died at birth. What please could be more horrendous for any mother, to be told her baby died! To learn later on in her life that the baby was not dead, but was stolen, sold to another, and then to spend the rest of her life looking for that child and that is one of the worst crimes to commit again another, worse than even death. Owen Felix O’Neill.